April 19, 1960
More than 100,000 students in South Korea held a nationwide pro-democracy protest against president Syngman Rhee, eventually forcing him to resign on April 26. The protests were touched off by the discovery in Masan Harbor of the body of a student killed by a tear-gas shell in demonstrations against the elections of March. Police opened fire on protesters killing approximately 180 and wounding thousands. That day the Rhee government proclaimed martial law in order to suppress the demonstrations.

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